Groups of rural development for Jaén province

Canena castle

Canena castle

Municipality: Canena

Regions: La Loma y Las Villas

Latitude: 38.048813°

Longitude: -3.481271°

Altitude: 535.901 m


Video


Introduction

Canena is located on the northwest slope of La Loma de Úbeda, next to La Yedra stream.

This lone castle stands out for its harmonic proportions, its canonic classicism and unique elegance.

The castle symbolises the political profile of its constructor, Don Francisco de los Cobos, and the unique creativeness of its architect, Andrés de Vandelvira.

 

Description

The construction was a defensive building. It was originally built to provide security to its inhabitants, and comfort and prestige to those who planned it.

The most remarkable tower is the keep, a square based tower located on the northeast side of the courtyard.

One of its most significant elements is the castle’s main façade. Even though it is simple, the façade is known as one of the most splendid components in the building.

Vandelvira displays the greatest repertoire of proportion, rhythm and harmony inside the castle.

The most noble part of the building is a beautiful square shaped courtyard right in the heart of the construction.

 

Historical Data

The Romans, who were concerned with strengthening the roads away from Cástulo, first occupied this town. They also wanted to colonise the rich agricultural lands around Baeza.

Canena gets its name from an Arab tribe, Banu Kinana, who entered Al-Andalus in the Umayyad Conquest period.

The town was later regained by the Christian King Ferdinand III and, by decision of King Alfonso X, the town was shared out between the Order of Calatrava and the Order of Santiago.

By the end of 1538, don Alonso de Baeza sold the towns of Torres and Canena to Don Francisco de los Cobos.

Photo Gallery


Canena castle
Canena castle
Canena castle
Canena castle
Canena castle
Canena castle
Canena castle
Canena castle
Canena castle
Canena castle
Canena castle

Location

Project funded by:

European Union Feder Funds Junta de Andalucía

Project coordinated by:

Association for Rural Development for the District of El Condado de Jaén Association for Rural Development of Sierra Sur de Jaén Group for Rural Development of Sierra de Segura Association for Rural Development of Sierra Mágina Association for Socioeconomic Development of La Loma y Las Villas Association for Rural Development of Campiña Norte de Jaén Association for Rural Development of Sierra de Cazorla
Castillos y Fortalezas de la Provincia de Jaén