Groups of rural development for Jaén province

Lopera fortress castle

Lopera fortress castle

Municipality: Lopera

Regions: Campiña Norte de Jaén

Latitude: 37.943697°

Longitude: -4.213751°

Altitude: 275.438 m


Video


Introduction

Lopera is located on the lower Guadalquivir countryside in the Andújar valley, on the west part of Jaén region. The castle is located in the town centre.

 

Description

It is a big castle made up of irregular masonry. It has an irregular pentagonal base. The castle is defended by five towers, some of the towers are cylindrical and some others are prismatic. It has machicolated balconies, a defensive device to better guard entrances and some of the fortified towers.

The interior is established around a parade ground.

 

History

There were Romans and Visigoth settlements until Lopera was conquered by the Muslims at the beginning of the 8th century.

During the 9th and 10th centuries, the population moved to the current town where a small Muslim farmstead was created. During the 11th century, the farmstead was fortified as a defence against Castilian attacks.

Once Lopera was conquered by the Christians, King Ferdinand III relinquished it to the Order of Calatrava. The Order of Calatrava built the castle that exists today. This castle guaranteed an escape to river Guadalquivir.

In 1856, the castle was acquired by Alonso Valenzuela who turned it into public property.

In 1992, the castle was declared a Historic Monument and Building of Cultural Interest.

Photo Gallery


Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle
Lopera fortress castle

Location

Project funded by:

European Union Feder Funds Junta de Andalucía

Project coordinated by:

Association for Rural Development for the District of El Condado de Jaén Association for Rural Development of Sierra Sur de Jaén Group for Rural Development of Sierra de Segura Association for Rural Development of Sierra Mágina Association for Socioeconomic Development of La Loma y Las Villas Association for Rural Development of Campiña Norte de Jaén Association for Rural Development of Sierra de Cazorla
Castillos y Fortalezas de la Provincia de Jaén